A Muslima’s Guide to a Sunnah-Filled Eid


As a Muslima, celebrating Eid with the right etiquettes and Sunnah can truly elevate your experience. The festival means joy, gratitude, and renewed community bonds. Let’s walk through the Sunnah steps to ensure your Eid is filled with bliss and spiritual fulfillment.

Following the Sunnah, one starts the day with an early morning routine. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Doing Ghusl for Eid prayer

Taking a ghusl on the morning of Eid purifies you for the special day ahead. Here’s a simple guide on how to perform ghusl:

  1. Make a niyyah (intention) in your heart to purify yourself.
  2. Wash your hands three times.
  3. Wash the private parts.
  4. Perform wudu (ablution) as you do before Salah.
  5. Pour water over your entire body, ensuring water reaches every part using your hands and including your hair, starting with the right side, then the left side, three times.

Wear Your Best Attire

As you prepare for the Eid prayer, wear your best and cleanest attire. If possible, don new clothes to celebrate the joyous occasion. Men are encouraged to apply perfume. Women should dress modestly and neatly, reflecting the respect and joy of the occasion, without compromising their awrah (intimate parts of the body to be covered – the entire body for women).

Here’s a quick guide to a modest Eid: 

  • Select Appropriate Clothing: Choose attire that is neither tight nor transparent. It’s essential that your clothing is loose-fitting, does not accentuate the shape of your body and is not . 
  • Hijab and Niqab: Although the Niqab is viewed by some as obligatory and is a profound expression of modesty and adherence to faith, it remains a personal choice for many women. However, the Hijab is fundamental to observing modesty. It should be worn in a way that is respectful and comprehensive.
  • Behavior and Speech: Modesty extends beyond clothing. Ensure your actions, behavior, and speech are respectful and dignified. This is an integral part of observing modesty.

When to Eat

Before heading out to the prayer, eat an odd number of dates, particularly on Eid al-Fitr. This act is a Sunnah and symbolizes breaking fast. However, on Eid al-Adha, it is recommended to eat after the Eid prayer.

Recite the Takbir

For Eid al-Fitr, recite the Takbir aloud starting from the time of Maghrib on the night before Eid up until the Eid prayer. This tradition, emulating the practice of Ibn Umar and the early generations, keeps the spirit of Eid alive in your heart.

For Eid al-Adha, the time for Takbir begins on the first day of Dhul-Hijjah and continues until sunset on the last of the days of tashriq (the 13th day of Dhu’l-Hijjah).

“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illallah, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa Lillahil-Hamd” (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, there is no deity but Allah, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, and to Allah belongs all praise).

Attend the Eid Prayer

Heading to the prayer place, continue reciting the Takbir until you reach the congregation site. Taking a different route going to and coming from the prayer is another Sunnah. It allows you to gain more rewards on this blissful occasion. Additionally, if the prayer place is not far, it is recommended to walk rather than drive.

The Eid prayer, preferably performed in an open area, is a significant Sunnah. It brings the community together and symbolizes unity and solidarity.

The Eid prayer consists of 2 rakats with extra Takbirs. In the first Rakat, there are 7 Takbirs while in the second Rakat, there are 5. Follow your Imam who will guide the congregation through these rituals.

The Eid Gathering 

It is narrated from Umm ‘Atiyyah that the Prophet (ﷺ ) commanded that all the women should come out to the place of prayer on the day of Eid. This includes young girls, older women, and even menstruating women are encouraged to attend, although they should refrain from the actual prayer itself. This highlights the importance of gathering together as a community, fostering a sense of solidarity and shared joy. 

The wisdom behind this inclusivity is profound. It ensures that the spirit of Eid permeates through every member of the Muslim community, reinforcing the values of togetherness and mutual support. So, even if you are experiencing menstruation, attending the communal gathering and engaging in the festive atmosphere are highly encouraged. Additionally, showing up in large numbers demonstrates the unity and strength of the Muslim community, celebrating our large diverse numbers and shared faith.

Listen to the Eid Khutbah (Sermon)

After the prayer, it is Sunnah to listen to the Eid khutbah. Although you can leave after the Eid prayer, staying for the khutbah enhances the spiritual experience. The same rules as the Friday khutbah apply if you choose to stay for the khutba, such as maintaining silence.

Exchange Eid Greetings

Greet one another with phrases like “Eid Mubarak” or “Taqabbalallahu minna wa minkum” (May Allah accept it from us and you), with the latter being preferred.

Family and Friends

Visit family and friends to strengthen ties, share food, and celebrate together. This reinforces the joy and communal aspect of Eid.

During Eid al-Adha, the practice of Udhiyya, or animal sacrifice, is a significant Sunnah. After the sacrifice, it’s customary to distribute the meat among family, friends, and those in need. Sharing the Udhiyya meat not only fulfills a religious obligation but also strengthens community bonds and ensures that everyone can partake in the festive spirit of Eid.

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